We understand that human trafficking, like any human rights violation, is a complex topic, but understanding these complexities is the best weapon we have in the fight to end it. We created an interactive free online training program comprised of six modules which address what human trafficking is, how it happens, who the victims and traffickers are, highlights the importance of knowing the story vs. knowing the signs, and discusses what we can all do in the fight against human trafficking.
U.S. law defines human trafficking as the use of force, fraud, or coercion to compel a person into commercial sex acts or labor against their will. The Action-Means-Purpose (AMP) Model can be helpful in understanding the federal law. Human trafficking occurs when a perpetrator, often referred to as a trafficker, takes an Action, and then employs the Means of force, fraud or coercion for the Purpose of compelling the victim to provide commercial sex acts or labor or services. At a minimum, one element from each column must be present to establish a potential situation of human trafficking.
*Inducing a minor into commercial sex is considered human trafficking regardless of the presence of force, fraud or coercion.
Power and Control Wheel
There is no single method of force, fraud or coercion. Based on the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project’s Duluth Model, this Power and Control wheel outlines the different types of abuse that can occur in labor and sex trafficking situations.